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About Tivat Tivat - Montenegro, location, climate, flora


Tivat is located in the central part of the Boka Kotorska Bay, covering an area of 46 km2 and with the population of some 15,000. It is located at a latitude of 42°26' N and a longitude of 18°42' E.
It has a typical Mediterranean climate, with moderate and rainy winters and clear and warm summers. The mean annual air temperature is 15° C. It is the town with the greatest number of sunny days on the Boka Kotorska. The most common winds are "Bura" (a north-easterly wind) in the winter time and "mistral" (a westerly wind) during the summer months. "Jugo" is a kind of wind very common in autumn and in winter, which brings warm and rainy weather.
Such a climate enabled various exotic plants brought by seafarers from all over the globe to be grown in Tivat Park, the largest park in the whole of the Boka area.
Along the Tivat coast there are a number of attractive little harbours, coves and many beaches with the total area of some 30,000 m2.
As for the origin of the name Tivat, there are three different opinions. According the first, the name Tivat was derived from the name of the lllyrian queen Teuta who had her seat in Risan for some time, and maybe summer residences in the vicinity of today's Tivat. According to the second opinion, the name could have been derived from the names of Christian saints like Theodorus, Theodosius, Theodotus, Theodulus or the mediaeval (12th century) saints Theudo and Teodo. The third opinion was just stated briefly and without explanation. It would have it that the name derives from the Celtic word "touto", meaning "a town".
In the history of the Boka Kotorska Bay the following eras may be discerned clearly: the lllyrian, the Roman-Byzantine, Serbian, Venetian-Turkish and Austrian. The coast of Tivat Bay bears witness to all these eras and has been proven by many archaeological finds and the existing monuments of old architecture, as well as by written historic sources.
As for the lllyrian Era, which ended in 168-7 B.C. with the downfall of the lllyrian state, there are very few archaeological finds. The Roman Era is much richer. In older literature it was often stated that an old town used to be located at the area of Boboviste (present day Kalardovo). There were some opinions that it might have been the old Acruvium. There are such opinions even today, not all linking it to Boboviste, but even to some other locations closer to or farther away from Tivat. The era of Serbian rule began in Kotor in late 1185. From then until 1370, Kotor and its districts were included within the boundaries of the Serbian mediaeval state of Nemanjici In the 13th century, when St. Sava established the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Bishopric of the Orthodox Metropolitan of Zeta was located at Prevlaka near Tivat, and on the remains of a Benedictine monastery the new monastery dedicated to Holy Archangel Michael was built. In 1420, the Venetian Republic conquered the District of Kotor, a well as the Lustica Peninsula and Prevlaka. The time from the arrival of Venetians to the end of 18th century was characterised by frequent conflicts between them and the Turks. The fall of the Venetian Republic in 1797 marked a significant turning point in the history of the Boka Kotorska. It was the beginning of a longish period of almost twenty years during which various foreign powers started replacing each other in the territory of the Boka until finally in 1814AustWa appeared, staying until its downfall in 1918.
As a town, Tivat started developing not earlier than late 19th century when the naval seaport Arsenal started developing. Until the construction of the Arsenal the land property in Tivat was mostly in the hands of feudal noblemen from Prcanj, Perast, Dobrota and Kotor.

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